» CCNA – Drag and Drop 3

Ensurepass
answers to CCNA Drag and Drop Questions – Part 3

Question 1

Drag the security features on the left to the specific security risks they help protect against on the right. (Not all options are used)

SecurityFeatures.jpg

 

Answer:

1) VTY password: remote access to device console
2) console password: access to the console 0 line
3) access-group: access to connected networks or resources
4) service password-encryption: viewing of passwords
5) enable secret: access to privileged mode

The unselected left-box – CHAP – is used to verify the identity of the peer by means of a three-way handshake.

Question 2

Refer to the exhibit. PC-A is sending packets to the FTP server. Consider the packets as they leave RA interface Fa0/0 forwards RB. Drag the correct frame and packet address to their places in the table.

ip_mac.jpg

 

Answer:

Source MAC: 0000.0C93.9999
Destination MAC: 0000.0C89.3333
Source IP: 172.16.21.7
Destination IP: 172.16.34.250

Explanation

Remember these rules:

The IP addresses (of source and destination) of a packet never change during the transportation through the network. For example if PC-A wants to send a packet to PC-Z then the source and destination IP addresses of the packet will be the IP addresses of PC-A and PC-Z no matter how many devices they go through.

The MAC addresses, conversely, will change while passing the devices. The source MAC address is the address of the last sender and the destination MAC address is the address of the next device.

Question 3

As a network administrator, you are required to configure the network security policy. And the policy requires that only one host be permitted to attach dynamically to each switch interface. If that policy is violated, the interface should shut down. Which two commands must the network administrator configure on the 2950 Catalyst switch to meet this policy? Please choose appropriate commands and drag the items to the proper locations.

switch_port_security.jpg

 

Answer:

Appropriate commands:

SW(config-if)# switchport port-security maximum 1
SW(config-if)# switchport port-security violation shutdown

Question 4

The left describes boot sequence, while the right describes the orders. Drag the items on the left to the proper locations.

BootSequence.jpg

 

Answer:

1) Step 1: The power on self test executes.
2) Step 2: The bootstrap loader in ROM executes.
3) Step 3: The IOS is located and loaded based on boot system commands in NVRAM.
4) Step 4: The configuration file is loaded from NVRAM.
5) Step 5: If no configuration file is located, the setup dialog initiates.

Explanation

When a router boots up, it performs a series of steps, called the boot sequence, to test the hardware and load the necessary software. The boot sequence consists of the following steps:

1) Power on self test (POST): tests the hardware to verify that all components of the device are operational and present.
2) The bootstrap loader in ROM executes: The bootstrap loader is a program in ROM that is used to find where a valid Cisco IOS image is located.
3) If a valid Cisco IOS image is located, it is loaded.
4) IOS loads configuration file. Once the IOS image is loaded, it will search for a valid startup configuration in NVRAM.
5) If a valid startup configuration file cannot be found, the router will load the System Configuration Dialog (sometimes called setup mode). This mode allows you to perform the initial configuration of the router.

Question 5

Drag and Drop question. Drag the items to the proper locations.

Routing has been configured on the local router with these commands:
Local(config)# ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.1.1
Local(config)# ip route 10.1.0.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.2.2
Local(config)# ip route 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 192.168.3.3

Drag each destination IP address on the top to its correct next hop address at the bottom.

ip_route.jpg

 

Answer:

Next hop 192.168.1.1:
+ 10.2.1.3
+ 10.6.8.4

Next hop 192.168.2.2:
+ 10.1.0.14
+ 10.1.0.123

Next hop 192.168.3.3:
+ 10.1.1.10
+ 10.1.4.6

Explanation

If we have many entries matching for next hop ip address then the router will choose the one with most specific path to send the packet. This is called the “longest match” rule, the route with the most bits in the mask set to “1″ will be chosen to route packet.

Question 6

If a Cisco router has learned about network 10.1.1.0 from multiple sources, the router will select and install only one entry into the routing table. Indicate the order of preference that the router will use by dragging the routes on the left to the order of preference category on the right.

Routing_Priority.jpg

 

Answer:

1) First preference: S 10.1.1.0 is directly connected, Serial1
2) Second preference: S 10.1 1.0/24 [1/0] via 10.1.2.2
3) Third preference: D 10.1.1.0/24 [90/2172416] via 10.1.5.5, Serial0
4) Fourth preference: O 10.1.1.0/24 [ 110/789] via 10.1.3.1, Serial0
5) Fifth preference: R 10.1.1.0/24 [120/3] via 10.1.3.1, Senal0

Explanation

Administrative distance is the first criterion that a router uses to determine which routing protocol to use if two protocols provide route information for the same destination. It is a measure of the trustworthiness of the source of the routing information. The smaller the administrative distance value, the more reliable the protocol.

In this question, notice that the destination of all routes is 10.1.1.0/24 so we need to use Administrative distance of each routing protocol to specify the priority of each route. Below lists the Administrative Distance default values of popular routing protocols:

+ Directly connected: 0
+ Static route: 1
+ EIGRP (symbolize by “D”): 90
+ OSPF (symbolize by “O”): 110
+ RIP (symbolize by “R”): 120

 

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